Branding conducted by the state controlling authority is one of the primary methods of identification used on standardbreds. A freeze brand is usually applied to the off side of the horse's neck by an authority officer. In Australia an alpha angle system is used rather than normal numbers or letters so that the brand cannot be modified by anyone.
To ensure the integrity of the brand it is applied by an authority officer while the foal is still with its mother; this way the identity of the mare can also be reviewed.
Did you know?
The alpha angle system uses a two-sided figure to represent each number.
This system is used in Australia because it cannot be changed. Look at the symbols on this page and try for yourself, if you attempt to change the symbol by adding anything it is no longer a two-sided symbol; if you try to remove anything it is no longer two-sided either.
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