- A horse or greyhound that has not won a race.
- A female horse generally aged four or older.
- Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
The document that explains the chemicals and dilution rates in a particular product.
It also describes any safety precautions when using the product. By law this must be provided at the time of sale of the item and must be kept in easy access to the product so anyone who uses it can use the information.
- Means any treatment with drugs or other substances. This includes sedatives ointments, creams, sprays as well as injection type products.
- An experienced and trusted advisor.
- An integrated circuit placed under the skin of an animal for identification purposes. The chips are about the size of a large grain of rice.
- Mobile start
- A mobile barrier consisting of two folding arms attached to a motor vehicle. The horses in a race follow the barrier as it gathers speed until the arms fold back and a start is affected. The vehicle then speeds away out of the path of the horses. At most tracks six horses are permitted to start abreast from the mobile barrier with the remaining runners starting behind them on the second row.
- Module (also called subject). A unit of education or training which can be completed on its own or as part of a course. Modules may also result in the attainment of one or more units of competency.
Greyhounds must wear a guard over their mouth whenever they are out in public. This guard is to prevent greyhounds from biting.
Muzzle is also the name of the area covered by the mouth and nose of a greyhound.
- Nail bed
- The area that the nail grows from.
- Nail colour
- The colour of the toe nails, they can be black or white.
- Near miss
- A near miss is also an accident - it's just that no injury or property damage has occurred. Most of us don't realise the importance of all the near misses that occur in our lives. Often there may be a split second between a near miss and a tragic accident.
- Near side
- Left hand side of the horse or greyhound. With horses the rider mounts from this side and handlers lead from this side.
- Neck collar
- A piece of equipment used to restrain a horse. A wide strap is placed around the neck (close to the poll). A rope is attached to the strap which is then threaded through the back of the headcollar; the rope is then used to tie-up a horse. It is commonly used to teach a horse to accept being tied up as using a headcollar alone can damage the neck.
- New Apprenticeships
- An umbrella term for the new national apprenticeship and traineeship arrangements which came into effect on 1 January 1998. The main characteristics of New Apprenticeships include:
- a contract of training between employer and apprentice or trainee
- public funding and support for employers
- choice of training provider
- a wider range of occupations and industries than previously
- competency-based training using national training packages and apprenticeships in schools.
- Nose chain
A piece of equipment used to restrain a horse. The chain is fitted across the nose and attached to the side of the headcollar. It is commonly used to provide more control on a horse that wants to rush forward when being lead or handled.
- Nose leather
- The skin on the end of the nose has no hair on it and has a leathery appearance.
- Nose shape
- There are two nose shapes recognised in greyhounds: roman and straight nose.
- Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S)
- Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) is about preventing accidents, preventing injury and death and reducing time away from work because of injury. The importance of safety should never be underestimated. In some states this is called Workplace Health and Safety.
- Off side
- The horse or greyhound's right side.
- Off-the-job training
- Training which takes place away from a person's job, usually off the premises, eg at TAFE, but may be on the premises, eg in a special training area.
- On all fours
When the horse or greyhound is standing bearing its weight evenly on all legs it is said to be standing on all fours.
A resting horse will commonly take the weight off one hind leg. A lame horse or greyhound may rest a front leg or a back leg.
- On the bit
- When a horse is galloping keenly and easily.
- On-the-job training
- Training undertaken in the workplace as part of the productive work of the learner.
- Online learning
- This is how you are studying this course. Online learning is training conducted via a computer network, eg using the internet and the World Wide Web, a local area network (LAN), or an Intranet. See also flexible delivery.
- Out of Race test
A drug test to see if the animal has any prohibited substances in its system. This may be requested by a trainer after treatment for illness or injury to ensure that the animal is drug free prior to racing.
Stewards may order that animals or riders / drivers are tested on a non-race day.
- The top jaw sits further forward than the bottom jaw.
- The person(s) officially recognised to race an animal.