Microscopy is an essential skill in Biology as it enables us to:
Specimens viewed with the microscope are normally illuminated with transmitted light. This means that the light passes through the specimen to the eye. The specimen must therefore be very thin.
An important part of all biological procedures is the correct use of a standard compound microscope. In order to get the best image possible from different types of microscopes, it is crucial that the light path be set up properly.
The prepared slide is placed on the stage of the microscope for examination. The principal parts of a typical microscope are shown here. Use your mouse to rollover the names of the parts, for information about each part.
Light path through a microscope